Contents(hide)

Background

Generalities

Specification of goods and services

Renewal

Contributed by:

Morgan & Morgan

 
Posted on:

June 10, 2021

 
1. Trademark protection arises through:
 
a. Simple effective use in commerce?

Yes.

 
b. Registration?

Yes.

 
c. Cautionary notice?

No.

 
d. Intensive use (notoriety)?

Yes.

 
e. Public recognition?

Yes.

 
f. Well-known character?

Yes.

 
g. Other (if yes, please specify)?

N/A

 
2. Registrable types of mark:
 
a. Individual mark?

Yes.

 
b. Collective mark?

Yes.

 
c. Certification mark?

Yes.

 
d. Well-known mark?

Yes.

 
e. Other (if yes, please specify)?

N/A

 
3. Registrable forms of mark:
 
a. Word mark?

Yes.

 
b. Figurative mark with word elements?

Yes.

 
c. Figurative mark?

Yes.

 
d. Shape mark?

Yes.

 
e. Shape mark with word elements?

Yes.

 
f. Position mark?

Yes.

 
g. Pattern mark?

Yes.

 
h. Color (single) mark?

Yes.

 
i. Color (combination) mark?

Yes.

 
j. Sound mark?

Yes.

 
k. Motion mark?

Yes.

 
l. Multimedia mark?

Yes.

 
m. Hologram mark?

Yes.

 
n. Other (if yes, please specify)?

N/A

 
4. Possibility of claiming a foreign priority:

Yes.

 
a. If yes, what is the time limit (months from date of…)?

Six months from the date of priority and six months to file the priority.

 
5. Classification of goods and services
 
a. Nice classification adopted (if yes, indicate applicable version)?

Yes, Eleventh Edition, and as soon as approved, Panama will use the Twelfth edition.

 
b. Local subclass system?

No.

 
6. Possible claims against new application
 
a. Opposition proceedings implemented in trademark law?

Yes.

 
a.1. If yes, is the basis for opposition a prior registered trademark?

Yes.

 
a.2. If yes, is the basis for opposition a prior pending trademark application?

Yes.

 
a.3. If yes, is the basis for opposition a non-registered trademark in use?

Yes.

 
a.4. If yes, is the basis for opposition a non-registered notorious/famous mark?

Yes.

 
a.5. If yes, is the basis for opposition a prior company name/trade name?

Yes.

 
a.6. If yes, is the basis for opposition absolute grounds?

Yes.

 
a.7. Other (if yes, please specify)?

Yes, Paris Convention, TRIPS, Interamerican Convention for TM Protection of 1929, signed in Washington.

 
7. Observations from third parties? (If yes, indicate the basis for such observations.)

Yes.

 
a. Prior registered mark?

Yes.

 
b. Prior pending trademark application?

Yes.

 
c. Prior non-registered trademark in use?

Yes.

 
d. Prior non-registered notorious/famous mark?

Yes.

 
e. Prior company/trade name?

Yes.

 
f. Absolute grounds?

Yes.

 
g. Other (if yes, please specify)?

Yes, Paris Convention, TRIPS, Interamerican Convention for TM Protection of 1929, signed in Washington.

 
8. Mandatory formalities preliminary to filing application?

Yes.

 
a. Similarity search

No.

 
a.1. If yes, what is the time frame (weeks/months) and approximate cost?

N/A

 
b. Others?

N/A

 
b.1. If yes, what is the time frame (weeks/months) and approximate cost?

N/A

 
9. Class system
 
a. Single class system?

No.

 
b. Multiclass system?

Yes.

 
b.1. Separate applications for goods and services mandatory?

No.

 
10. Possible restrictions on goods/services (e.g. alcoholic beverages, retail services, etc. not allowed, or only class headings eligible, etc.)

No.

 
a. If yes, please specify.

N/A

 
11. Special claims/regulations
 
a. Claim of previous use possible?

No.

 
a.1.  If yes, is proof required (affidavit, use specimens, etc.)?

N/A

 
a.2. If yes, through which kinds of proceedings can the proof of use be requested (opposition, cancelation, renewal proceedings, etc.)?

It can only be required at Opposition and Cancellation actions, which take place in Judicial Branch, not at the IP Office.

 
b. Disclaimer:

Yes.

 
c. Previous registration in country of origin required:

No.

 
d. Changes in the mark appearance during the application proceedings possible

Yes.

 
e. Restrictions regarding trademark owner (e.g. trademark protection not eligible for owner from particular countries). 

No.

 
e.1. If yes, please specify.

N/A

 
f. Is there any legal term from which the trademark must be used in order to avoid a possible cancellation?

Yes.

 
f.1. If yes, please specify.

Five consecutive years.

 
g. Other (if yes, please specify):

N/A

 
12. Filing documents required (please indicate whether notarization, apostille, legalization, and/or scanned copies are permitted)
 
a. Power of attorney

Yes (notarization and scanned copies permitted).

 
b. Evidence of pre-registration in country of origin

No.

 
c. Priority documents (if priority claimed)

Yes.

 
d. Other (if yes, please specify)

N/A

 
13. Late filing of documents
 
a. Is late filing of documents permitted?

Yes.

 
a.1. If yes, please indicate the time limit (days/months from....).

Two months extendable for an additional month.

 
b. Official late filing fee due?

No.

 
14.	Means for representation of the mark (for instance JPEG with XY pixels)
 
a. Figurative mark with word elements

JPG

 
b. Figurative mark

Printout

 
c. Shape mark

JPG

 
d. Shape mark with word elements

JPG

 
e. Position mark

JPG

 
f. Pattern mark

JPG

 
e. Color (single) mark

Pantone Description

 
f. Color (combination) mark

Pantone Description

 
g. Sound mark

Music Sheet

 
h. Motion mark

Video of the sequence

 
i. Multimedia mark

Electronic Evidence

 
j. Hologram mark

Image Sequence

 
15.	Local legal representatives for foreign applicants
 
a. Are local legal representatives mandatory for foreign applicants?

No.

 
b. Possibility of having representatives domiciled in another country?

No.

 
b.1.  If yes, please specify the countries.

N/A

 
16. Examination
 
a. Is there formal examination?

Yes.

 
a.1. If yes, does the formal examination take place prior to the publication of the application?

Yes, it takes place before the publication.

 
b. Is there examination on absolute grounds?

Yes.

 
c. Is there examination on relative grounds?

Yes.

 
d. Can relative grounds be objected by the Trademark Office or only by the prior rights' owners?

Yes.

 
e. Are letters of consent admissible to overcome ex-officio citations of prior marks? 

Yes.

 
e.1. If yes, is notarization or legalization required?

Yes, notarization is required.

 
f. Is there an examination timeframe if no official objections are raised?

No.

 
17. Publication
 
a. Publication before registration?

Yes.

 
b. Publication after registration?

Yes.

 
c. Publication in trademark Gazette?

Yes.

 
d. Publication in local newspapers?

No.

 
e. Official publication fee due?

Yes.

 
18. Registration
 
a. Certificate of Registration in paper form?

Yes.

 
b. Certificate of Registration in electronic form?

No.

 
c. Term of protection of the mark? Please include term details.

Yes, ten years and six months after registration.

 
c.1. As from priority date?

No.

 
c.2. As from filing date?

No.

 
c.3. As from registration date?

Yes.

 
c.4. As from actual registration date?

No.

 
c.5. As from date of issuance of Certificate of Registration?

No.

 
c.6. Other (if yes, please specify):

N/A

 
d. End of grace period of use? Please include term details.

Yes, five years.

 
d.1. As from official registration date?

Yes.

 
d.2. As from actual registration date?

No.

 
d.3. As from end of opposition deadline?

No.

 
d.4. As from conclusion of opposition proceedings (if any)?

No.

 
d.5. Other (if yes, please specify):

N/A

 
p. How long can we expect a decision on the application by BPTO?

Nine to 12 months.

 
19. Official fees due at the time
 
a. Filing

Yes.

 
b. Publication

Yes.

 
c. Registration

Yes.

 
d. Other (if yes, please specify):

N/A

 
e. Link to the official website of the Trademark Office where the fees are accessible and updated.

The official site does not include fees: www.digerpi.gob.pa.

 
20. Documents required  (please indicate whether notarization, apostille, legalization, and/or scanned copies are permitted)
 
a. Power of attorney

Yes (notarization and scanned copies permitted).

 
b. Original registration certificate

No.

 
c. Affidavit of use

No.

 
d. Evidence of use

No.

 
e. Others (if yes, please specify)

N/A

 
21. Is the late filing of documents admissible? If yes, please indicate the time limit.

Yes, two months extendable for one additional month.

 
a. Official late filing fee due?

Yes.

 
22. Is there a renewal grace period provided for by law? If yes, please indicate the timing.

Yes, six months from the expiration date.

 
23. Special maintenance requirements
 
a. First declaration of use?

No.

 
b. Time to file?

No.

 
c. Extensions permitted?

No.

 
c.1. If yes, please indicate the number allowed (as the maximum accepted).

N/A

 
d. Documents required (affidavit/declaration, notarized/legalized, evidence of use, subject to official fees)?

No.

 
e. Second declaration of use? If other, please specify.

N/A

 
f. Time to file?

No.

 
g. Extensions permitted?

No.

 
g.1.  If yes, please indicate the number allowed (as the maximum accepted).

N/A

 
h. Documents required (affidavit/declaration, notarized/legalized, evidence of use, subject to official fees)?

No.

 
24. Recording of changes/limitation
 
a. Limitations of lists of goods/services?

Yes.

 
a.1. Possible at any stage or only after registration?

Yes.

 
a.2. Official fees due?

Yes.

 
b. Change in name or address of owner?

Yes.

 
b.1. Possible at any stage or only after registration?

Yes.

 
b.2. Documents required (original or scanned)?

Yes, scanned writ with new address.

 
b.3. Official fees due?

Yes.

 
c. Change in ownership?

Yes.

 
c.1. Possible at any stage or only after registration?

Yes.

 
c.2. Documents required (original or scanned)?

Yes, assignment extract or contract.

 
c.3. Official fees due?

Yes.

 
d. Change of representative?

Yes.

 
d.1. Possible at any stage or only after registration?

Yes.

 
d.2. Documents required (original or scanned)?

Yes, scanned power of attorney.

 
d.3. Official fees due?

Yes.

 
25. Link to the official website of the Trademark Office where the official fees are accessible and updated.

The official site does not include fees: www.digerpi.gob.pa.

 

This guide contains summaries of general principles of law. It is not a substitute for specific legal advice and should not be relied upon in relation to the application of the law or subject matter covered.

Follow Us

Our Mission is to help member firms serve their clients' legal needs and business interests through a worldwide network of quality law firms that meet high professional standards.